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  1. Content type: Research article

    Trichogrammatids are minute parasitoid wasps that develop within other insect eggs. They are less than half a millimeter long, smaller than some protozoans. The Trichogrammatidae are one of the earliest branch...

    Authors: Amelia R. I. Lindsey, Yogeshwar D. Kelkar, Xin Wu, Dan Sun, Ellen O. Martinson, Zhichao Yan, Paul F. Rugman-Jones, Daniel S. T. Hughes, Shwetha C. Murali, Jiaxin Qu, Shannon Dugan, Sandra L. Lee, Hsu Chao, Huyen Dinh, Yi Han, Harsha Vardhan Doddapaneni…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:54

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The evolutionary roots of human moral behavior are a key precondition to understanding human nature. Investigations usually start with a social dilemma and end up with a norm that can provide some insight into...

    Authors: J. Garay, S. Számadó, Z. Varga and E. Szathmáry

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:53

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Sequencing-based analyses of low-biomass samples are known to be prone to misinterpretation due to the potential presence of contaminating molecules derived from laboratory reagents and environments. DNA conta...

    Authors: Anna Heintz-Buschart, Dilmurat Yusuf, Anne Kaysen, Alton Etheridge, Joëlle V. Fritz, Patrick May, Carine de Beaufort, Bimal B. Upadhyaya, Anubrata Ghosal, David J. Galas and Paul Wilmes

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:52

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Regulatory T cells (Tregs) expressing the transcription factor FOXP3 are crucial mediators of self-tolerance, preventing autoimmune diseases but possibly hampering tumor rejection. Clinical manipulation of Tre...

    Authors: Angelika Schmidt, Francesco Marabita, Narsis A. Kiani, Catharina C. Gross, Henrik J. Johansson, Szabolcs Éliás, Sini Rautio, Matilda Eriksson, Sunjay Jude Fernandes, Gilad Silberberg, Ubaid Ullah, Urvashi Bhatia, Harri Lähdesmäki, Janne Lehtiö, David Gomez-Cabrero, Heinz Wiendl…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:47

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Environmental influences fluctuate throughout the life course of an organism. It is therefore important to understand how the timing of exposure impacts molecular responses. Herein, we examine the responses of...

    Authors: Amy F. Danson, Sarah J. Marzi, Robert Lowe, Michelle L. Holland and Vardhman K. Rakyan

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:51

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Photosensitizing fluorescent proteins, which generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) upon light irradiation, are useful for spatiotemporal protein inactivation and cell ablation. They give us clues about protei...

    Authors: Yemima Dani Riani, Tomoki Matsuda, Kiwamu Takemoto and Takeharu Nagai

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:50

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Intron retention (IR), the most prevalent alternative splicing form in plants, plays a critical role in gene expression during plant development and stress response. However, the molecular mechanisms underlyin...

    Authors: Gang Wei, Kunpeng Liu, Ting Shen, Jinlei Shi, Bing Liu, Miao Han, Maolin Peng, Haihui Fu, Yifan Song, Jun Zhu, Aiwu Dong and Ting Ni

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:44

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Reliable recognition of individuals requires phenotypic identity signatures that are both individually distinctive and appropriately stable over time. Individual-specific vocalisations or visual patterning are...

    Authors: Sarah A. Roberts, Mark C. Prescott, Amanda J. Davidson, Lynn McLean, Robert J. Beynon and Jane L. Hurst

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:48

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Candida albicans (C. albicans) invasion triggers antifungal innate immunity, and the elevation of cytoplasmic Ca2+ levels via the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) plays a critical role in this proce...

    Authors: Long Yang, Wenwen Gu, King-Ho Cheung, Lan Yan, Benjamin Chun-Kit Tong, Yuanying Jiang and Jun Yang

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:46

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Fear conditioning is a form of learning essential for animal survival and used as a behavioral paradigm to study the mechanisms of learning and memory. In mammals, the amygdala plays a crucial role in fear con...

    Authors: Pradeep Lal, Hideyuki Tanabe, Maximiliano L. Suster, Deepak Ailani, Yuri Kotani, Akira Muto, Mari Itoh, Miki Iwasaki, Hironori Wada, Emre Yaksi and Koichi Kawakami

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:45

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Oomycetes are a group of filamentous eukaryotic microorganisms that have colonized all terrestrial and oceanic ecosystems, and they include prominent plant pathogens. The Aphanomyces genus is unique in its abilit...

    Authors: Elodie Gaulin, Michiel J. C. Pel, Laurent Camborde, Hélène San-Clemente, Sarah Courbier, Marie-Alexane Dupouy, Juliette Lengellé, Marine Veyssiere, Aurélie Le Ru, Frédéric Grandjean, Richard Cordaux, Bouziane Moumen, Clément Gilbert, Liliana M. Cano, Jean-Marc Aury, Julie Guy…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:43

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The presence of photoreceptive molecules outside the eye is widespread among animals, yet their functions in the periphery are less well understood. Marine organisms, such as annelid worms, exhibit a ‘shadow r...

    Authors: Thomas Ayers, Hisao Tsukamoto, Martin Gühmann, Vinoth Babu Veedin Rajan and Kristin Tessmar-Raible

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:41

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Conventionally, comparison among amniotes – birds, mammals, and reptiles – has often been approached through analyses of mammals and, for comparison, birds. However, birds are morphologically and physiological...

    Authors: Yuichiro Hara, Miki Takeuchi, Yuka Kageyama, Kaori Tatsumi, Masahiko Hibi, Hiroshi Kiyonari and Shigehiro Kuraku

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:40

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Tunicates are the closest relatives of vertebrates and are widely used as models to study the evolutionary developmental biology of chordates. Their phylogeny, however, remains poorly understood, and to date, ...

    Authors: Frédéric Delsuc, Hervé Philippe, Georgia Tsagkogeorga, Paul Simion, Marie-Ka Tilak, Xavier Turon, Susanna López-Legentil, Jacques Piette, Patrick Lemaire and Emmanuel J. P. Douzery

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:39

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  15. Content type: Review

    Spatial organization of membrane domains within cells and cells within tissues is key to the development of organisms and the maintenance of adult tissue. Cell polarization is crucial for correct cell–cell sig...

    Authors: Ana-Citlali Gradilla, David Sanchez-Hernandez, Lucy Brunt and Steffen Scholpp

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:37

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Developmental pathways must be responsive to the environment. Phosphorylation of eIF2α enables a family of stress-sensing kinases to trigger the integrated stress response (ISR), which has pro-survival and dev...

    Authors: Elke Malzer, Caia S. Dominicus, Joseph E. Chambers, Jennifer A. Dickens, Souradip Mookerjee and Stefan J. Marciniak

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:34

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  17. Content type: Methodology article

    Advances in automated image-based microscopy platforms coupled with high-throughput liquid workflows have facilitated the design of large-scale screens utilising multicellular model organisms such as Caenorhabdit...

    Authors: Blanca Hernando-Rodríguez, Annmary Paul Erinjeri, María Jesús Rodríguez-Palero, Val Millar, Sara González-Hernández, María Olmedo, Bettina Schulze, Ralf Baumeister, Manuel J. Muñoz, Peter Askjaer and Marta Artal-Sanz

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:36

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  18. Content type: Correction

    Upon publication of the original article, Barlow et al. [1], the authors noticed that Fig. 4b contained an inaccuracy when additional data is taken into account. We inferred a loss of GRASP in the common ances...

    Authors: Lael D. Barlow, Eva Nývltová, Maria Aguilar, Jan Tachezy and Joel B. Dacks

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:35

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    The original article was published in BMC Biology 2018 16:27

  19. Content type: Research article

    The hormone adiponectin (ApN) exerts powerful anti-inflammatory effects on skeletal muscle and can reverse devastating myopathies, like Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), where inflammation exacerbates disease...

    Authors: Raphaël Boursereau, Michel Abou-Samra, Sophie Lecompte, Laurence Noel and Sonia M. Brichard

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:33

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Much of the structure-based mechanistic understandings of the function of SLC6A neurotransmitter transporters emerged from the study of their bacterial LeuT-fold homologs. It has become evident, however, that ...

    Authors: Asghar M. Razavi, George Khelashvili and Harel Weinstein

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:31

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Eukaryotes evolved from the symbiotic association of at least two prokaryotic partners, and a good deal is known about the timings, mechanisms, and dynamics of these evolutionary steps. Recently, it was shown ...

    Authors: Raphaël Méheust, Debashish Bhattacharya, Jananan S. Pathmanathan, James O. McInerney, Philippe Lopez and Eric Bapteste

    Citation: BMC Biology 2018 16:30

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